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Different insect infect mango like mango hopper, mango mealy bug, mango shoot gall maker, mango fruit fly, mango stone weevil etc. and minor insect like mango leaf webber, mango leaf-gall maker, red ant etc. Among the different pests in the mango, Mango Stem Borer(Batocera rufomaculata) is also one of the chief pest attacking mango in Terai region of Nepal. B. rufomacacuata, for example, has been causing concern in mango orchards. This paper delves into the detail review of information about the mango stem borer, it’s nature of damage, biological cycle and management strategies.